King Hamad University Hospital has started to treat the medical waste into general waste inhouse by using the new technology of medical waste treatment system (industrial autoclave) for the first time in Bahrain.
The new system is based on steam sterilization treatment in an autoclave unit. This process will treat all types of medical waste in to solid or liquid form which may present threat of infection to humans and disposed as general waste in the landfill area which is safe to the environment.
Treatment through steam sterilization autoclave includes three stages to treat medical waste starting with vacuum, going through steam and ending with ventilation.
Heating stage shall include pressurized saturated steam in the chamber that reaches up to 145 degree centigrade for 30 minutes. Each complete treatment cycle should last not less than 45-40 minutes. After this stage of treatment, the decontaminated waste becomes non-infectious and safe, then it goes through a huge shredder machine which is designed specifically for processing
all sharp containers, glasses, gowns and all other medical waste parts into small pieces, which can be later disposed as general waste in the landfill area.
Capacity of the autoclave machine in King Hamad University Hospital is 300 kg, of medical waste can be treated per cycle.
Finally the advantages of this new technology of autoclave system are environmental friendly, non-bio hazardous and germs free.